Archaeological sites in central and northern Mexico

The archeological site of Tenochtitlan

The archeological site of Tenochtitlan ©Hector Garcia/Flick

Mexico has been the cradle of some of the greatest ancient civilizations: Olmecs, Zapotechs, Mayans and Aztecs, each leaving their mark on the area in which they lived: temples, towns, vestiges of fascinating ancient cultures. Today we present three ancient archeological sites in central and northern Mexico, which deserve to be visited.

If you want to visit Mexico is good to know that from June until October is the rainy period. Avoid coastal areas in the months of September and October because of the hurricanes. If you want to avoid both the rainy season and the high temperatures, it is ideal to go to Mexico in late spring or late fall.

Teotihuacan

From Mexico City you can quickly and easily reach the Teotihuacan archeological complex, the most populous and most dynamic city of the valley. Here you will explore the Quetzalpapalotl Palace Complex and the impressive Temple of the Feathered Serpent, the Pyramid of the Moon, The Way of the Dead and the Pyramid of the Sun. From atop the pyramid you will have a wonderful view of the entire archaeological complex.

Since the beginning of the Christian era until 750 Teotihuacan, with an area larger than that of the imperial Rome, was the largest religious center of ancient Mexico. Even in the 14th  century, hundreds of years after the demise of the city, the Aztecs living in the Valley of Mexico, considered it a sacred place and buried their leaders there.

The archeological site of Teotihuacan

The archeological site of Teotihuacan ©Hector Garcia/Flick

The city covered an area of ​​30 square kilometers, had about 2,000 wood and stone buildings for the 200 000 inhabitants and was the largest city in the world at that time. Probably most of the inhabitants were farmers.

Teotihuacan is not only a monumental archeological site in central Mexico, but is also a city where murals allow visitors to enter in a world of gods and mythological figures. The Teotihuacan art is not limited to the external manifestations, but creates an internal world of the ceremony objects, which preserved along the centuries, highlight an undeniable level of perfection.

Tenochtitlan

When you stay in Mexico City visit the Templo Mayor, the most important Aztec temple, also known as the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan. The current center of New Mexico, Zocalo is built on the ruins of the first city that the Aztecs have established in 1322.

The archeological site of Tenochtitlan

The archeological site of Tenochtitlan ©Hector Garcia/Flick

Paquime

Paquime is the most important archaeological site in northern Mexico. It was built by the Oasis America cultural group, a culture that inhabited the areas of northwestern Chihuahua and northeastern Sonora until the south-west of the U.S.. Its inhabitants lived in multi-storied houses with masonry constructions and were farmers and merchants.

The archeological site of Paquime

The archeological site of Paquime ©Iker Merodio/Flick

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