Archaeological sites in the State of Chiapas and Oaxaca

The archeological site of Bonampak in Mexico

The archeological site of Bonampak in Mexico ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

The State of Chiapas and Oaxaca in Mexico are situated next to each the other and have a few ancient arceological sites that worth visiting.

Palenque is one of the largest, most important and most exotic Mexican archaeological sites. At 190 km to the southeast of Palenque are the sites of Yaxchilan and Bonampak, these two being isolated and wild in the middle of the jungle. The largest archaeological site in the State of Oaxaca is the site of Monte Alban. Mitla is the most important archaeological site of the Zapotec culture and Tehuantepec is located in southeastern Oaxaca.

State of Chiapas

The Mayan vestiges of Palenque are hidden in the middle of the jungle at just 42 kilometers north of Agua Azul and near the town of Villahermosa. You’ll admire all the wealth, elegance and complexity of the Mayan architecture: arches with belts, graceful roofs, T-shaped windows. When you visit this gorgeous archeological site in the State of Chiapas, you must see the Skull Temple, the Temple of the Cross, the Temple of the Sun Group, the Northern Group and the Mayan football field! In the middle of the complex you will find the Temple of Inscriptions and the Palace, the tomb of Pakal (a Mayan king), whose carved stone tomb discovered in 1963 is absolutely spectacular.

The archeological site of Palenque in Mexico

The archeological site of Palenque in Mexico ©OliBac/Flick

The archeological site of Yaxchilan is characterized by carved thresholds, tombstones and buildings covered by grape vines and howlers of the ceiba trees (trees of life).

The archeological site of Bonampak is as wild as the previous one and is known for Temple of Paintings with Mayan murals with historical scenes of battle.

The archeological site of Bonampak in Mexico

The archeological site of Bonampak in Mexico ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

State of Oaxaca

Founded about the year 500 BC, the city of Monte Alban grew and dominated the valleys of the Oaxaca region until 700 AD. It was the capital of the Zapotecs – “cloud people” – for more than one millennium, during which represented the epicenter of culture and religion. It was inhabited by goldsmiths, silversmiths, priests, astronomers, farmers, royal figures and wise people. It is a beautiful archeological site in the State of Oaxaca.

The archeological site of Monte Alban in Mexico

The archeological site of Monte Alban in Mexico ©eduardo.robles/Flick

Mitla is unique among the Mesoamerican archeological sites due to the elaborate mosaics and the complex geometric degin covering the graves and walls. The mosaics are made of very small pieces of stone, finely cut and polished and were assembled with no little mortar. This is a method that cannot be found in any other site of any other culture in Mexico.

The region of Tehuantepec was extremely important in the pre-Hispanic time period located on the trade route between Central America and central Mexico. It became the second capital of the Zapotec culture, before being conquered by the Spanish in the early 16th century. It is a unique archeological site in the State of Oaxaca that worth to be visited.

 

 

 

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