Archeological sites in the State of Yucatan

The archeological site of Ek' Balam in Mexico

The archeological site of Ek’ Balam in Mexico ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

Mexico has ultra-modern beaches and resorts or nature reserves that seem that have never been touched by human hand. Mexico means sun, travel and adventure, mariachi and sombreros, seasoned vegetables and seafood.

But Mexico is worldwide famous of its Mayan archeological sites. From the multitude of these gorgeous tourist attractions we present you the archeological sites in the State of Yucatan, which include one of the 7 Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza, the archeological site of Uxmal, the archeological site of Kabah and the archeological site of Ek Balam.

 

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is the most famous Mayan archeological site in the world and is the former political, economic and cultural Mayan capital of the region between 700 and 1200 and the largest prehispanic complex of Yucatan. The main pyramid, the El Castillo, is a ceremonial center built by the Mayans during the Classic period, but then invaded by Toltec warriors who came from the central plateau. The connection between the two cultures is very clear in the architecture and the sculpture of the monuments. The famous pyramid of Kukulcan has a stone throne in the form of a jaguar with jade eyes.

The archeological site of Chichen Itza in Mexico

The archeological site of Chichen Itza in Mexico ©trvlto/Flick

You will also see here the cenotes, cave pits where were thrown the ones sacrificed in honor of Chac, the Mayan god of rain. You can swim in the cool and crystal water of the Ikil cenote (“Sacred Blue Cenote”) that is perfectly round and surrounded by waterfalls and luxuriant vegetation. In the evening you can enjoy the game of sounds and lights.

Uxmal

The name “Uxmal” is supposed to mean in Mayan “built three times” and refers to the three distinct phases of construction. The magnificent pyramids and architectural structures of this archeological site in the state of Yucatan make it a popular tourist destination. It was built in Puuc style which is totally different from Palenque, with rich decorations on the top of the buildings. The most representative examples are the Great Divine Pyramid, the Governor’s Palace and the Market of afternoon.

The archeological site of Uxmal in Mexico

The archeological site of Uxmal in Mexico ©Esparta/Flick

Kabah

Kabah is the second largest archeological site of the Puuc region and is connected to Uxmal through the “White road”, a road of 18 kilometers where you will find the Arch of the Beauty, the Palace of masks (with 250 masks) or the Pop Codz Palace, the Witch house and the Temple with columns.

Ek Balam

Located at a 2 hours drive from Cancun, Valladolid is a bustling city with a great Mayan atmosphere. Most of the locals still wear typical Mayan costumes and and the buildings around the Square are painted in pastel colors with beautiful architecture. In the north of Valladoid lies the archeological site of Ek Balam that means “black jaguar” in Mayan. The site is truly one of the jewels of the ancient Mayan civilization. Recent evidence shows that Ek Balam was inhabited starting with 400 BC until the colonial times. What once were considered the mountains around the central square were identified as pyramids.

The archeological site of Ek' Balam in Mexico

The archeological site of Ek’ Balam in Mexico ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

Leave a Reply