Templo Mayor and the National Palace

Mural ©hspauldi/flickr

Mural ©hspauldi/flickr

The National Palace or Palacio Nacional in Mexico can be found in the Mexico City’s main square called Plaza de la Constitucion. Now it is the presidential residence fo Los Pinos. It has an architecture that is transplanting of the Spanish civilization to the New World and it has a blend of the Aztec and Spanish altogether. This place is a main highlight especially on the eve of the Mexican Independence Day. You can not only just hear the original bell of Father Hidalgo but also hearing the President giving the Grito de Dolores or the ‘Cry of Independence’.

Templo Mayor

Templo Mayor ©Kent Wang/flickr

Templo Mayor ©Kent Wang/flickr

Northeast of Zocalo, on the Seminario and Justo Sierra streets lies the Templor Mayor. It was one of the main temples of the Aztecs. Traditionally, it is located exactly at the spot where a god named Huitzilopochtli gave the sign to the Mexica people about his reaching of the promised land. Huitzilopochtili is the sun god or the god of war, he is with a ‘Hummingbird on the Left’. The promised land described here is an eagle on a nopal cactus with a snake in his mouth. Mythologically, it was a partial symbol that represents the Hill of Coatepec where this god was born as well. This is also where you will see the sacred ballcourt and skull rack at the foot of the stairs of the twin temples. As for the levels of the Temple, it symbolizes the cosmology of the Aztec world. The belief of the thirteen levels of the heavens called ‘Topan’ and the nine levels of the underworld ‘the Mictlan’

Modern Art Museum

The Museo de Arte Moderno is what it is called locally. It is right in the Chapultepec Park. Partly, it was the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. In addtion, the permanent exhibits includes the artistic collections from Frida Kahlo, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Maneul Alvarez Bravo, Rufino Tamayo, Vicente Rojo. Also the works of Gelsen Gas, Olga Costa, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, Leonora Carrington and last but not least, Juan Soriano. There are very interesting looking statues outside the museum and do not missed the Gardens of the muesum too.

Fine Arts Palace

The Palace of the Fine Arts is an important cultural center to be explored too. Right next to the Alameda Central Park, you can see its glory. The interiors of the third floor is totally amazing and breathtaking. This palace is a mixed of architectural styles, principally Art Deco and Art Nouveau.

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