The city of Monterrey in Mexico

View of the city of Monterrey

View of the city of Monterrey ©Erick Muñiz/Flick

Monterrey is a city in Mexico, the capital of Nuevo León and the municipality with the same name. The name of the city was given after the Viceroy of New Spain, Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo, Count of Monterrey.

The city of Monterrey in Mexico has more than one million residents and it is one of the three most important cities in the country, because of the the industrial, economic and educational development, because of its services and the infrastructure. Monterrey is considered to be one of the most dynamic cities from the economic point of view in Latin America.

 

The foundation of the city

The city of Monterrey was founded three times, but the first two settlements fell victim to the indigenous resistance, to the unfavorable soil conditions for farming and to the founders’ opposition to the Inquisition. The first settlement was called Valle de Santa Lucía and was founded in 1577 by the Portuguese priest Alberto del Canto. The second was called San Luis Rey de Francia and was founded in 1582 by an other Portuguese Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva, the first colonizer of the New Kingdom of Léon.

The third city was founded only on the 20th of September, 1596 by Diego de Montemayor, who called the new settlement Ciudad Metropolitana de Nuestra Señora de Monterrey in honor of Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo, Count of Monterrey (Galicia).

The old city of Monterrey in Mexico

The old city of Monterrey in Mexico ©leoncillo sabino/Flick

The Metropolitan Area of Monterrey

Because of the phenomenon of conurbation, Monterrey and the surrounding cities have created an extended metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana de Monterrey, MMA), which became the second largest conurbation in the country. This does not mean that the municipalities are merged into a single administrative entity. Its metropolitan area had 3,664,334 inhabitants, on a territory of 580.5 km², which means that it has the second largest surface in Mexico after Mexico City and the third biggest population after México DF and Guadalajara.

View of the city of Monterrey

View of the city of Monterrey ©Erick Muñiz/Flick

One of the safest cities in Mexico

Monterrey is the only metropolitan area in Mexico that is under the national average rate of crime . Monterrey is considered the safest city in Latin America after San Juan de Puerto Rico.

The city of famous companies

The city of Monterrey in Mexico is synonymous with the success of the companies. Important industrial and financial groups have its headquarters in the city. Monterrey has changed from a city with manufacturing-based economy to a city with service economy. The city of Monterrey pays great attention to the development of the biotechnology sector and to the increasing cooperation between academic institutions and companies. Tourism is promoted by investments associated with large events organized for businessman, and this way they want to surprise the visitors of the city with a more varied tourist offer.

The city of Monterrey

The city of Monterrey ©mercedesfromtheeighties/Flick

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